Airbus A310 General
Airbus A310 Series
Short/Medium range airliner
Unit Cost
Main Operator
Number Built

McDonnell Douglas AV-8B / Harrier

Airbus A310 Program Milestones
First Flight
October 10, 1972
First delivery
May 30, 1974
Launch Customer
Air France

Airbus A310 Aircraft Dimensions
Cross Section
18 feet 6 inch (5,64 m)
Wing Span
144 feet 0 inch (43,90 m)
153 feet 1 inch (46,66 m)
51 feet 10 inch (15,80 m)

Airbus A310 Weights
Maximum Taxi Weight
172.600 kg
Max Take-off Weight
171.700 kg
Max Landing Weight
140.000 kg
Max Zero Fuel Weight
130.000 kg
Operating Empty Weight
90.900 kg
Max Structural Payload
34.900 kg
Usable Fuel
68.150 Litres

Airbus A310 Seating
Airbus A310 Seating
One Class
361 Passengers
Mixed Class
266 Passengers

Airbus A310 Powerplants

Example of the PW4000

249 kN
267 kN

Airbus A310 Range
4000 nautical miles (7.700 km)

Prices all variants - ($ in Millions)
Model out of production - no prices current

Airbus A310
The Airbus A310 was launched in 1978 as a medium to long-range widebody airliner, and was the second aircraft built and designed by the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies. The Airbus A310 is a shortened derivative of the Airbus A300, which was the first twin-engined widebody airliner ever built. Production of the A310 ceased in July 2007 after a total of 255 were built.

The A310's range exceeds that of all the A300 models, except for the A300-600, which actually surpases the A310-200. Its long-range eventually led to the aircraft being used on transatlantic routes. With the design of the Airbus A300 and A310, Airbus introduced the concept of commonality ,which means that pilots flying on either one of the aircraft can qualify on the other aircraft with one day of training.

The A310 was formally launched in July 1978 for Lufthansa and Swissair. Since the aircraft was a further development of the A300, it was initially designated as the A300 B10. Essentially a "baby" A300, the main differences between the two aircraft are: a shortened fuselage, a redesigned wing and a smaller vertical fin. The A310 was initially marketed as an introduction for developing airlines who sought aircraft that were able to fly the Atlantic. At this moment, the A310 has been replaced by the Airbus A330-200 in Airbus' lineup, which shares the same fuselage cross-section.

Turkish Airlines Airbus A310
Turkish Airlines Airbus A310
FedEx Airbus A310
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Click for a large image...

Airbus A310 Design

Since the design of the A310 is based on its larger brother, the A300, the description below describes the design characteristics of the latter.

The A300 was used as a design basis for the Airbus A310, A330, A340 and A300-600ST (Beluga) while the aircraft itself is nearing the end of its market life. In February 2007 over 550 Airbus A300 aircraft have been delivered while a total of 560 were ordered. Overall the A300 was a big step in aircraft technology since it employed latest technologies, some derived from the supersonic Concorde, and incorporated:

  • a super critical airfoil in order to improve overall efficiency
  • wind shear protection (first aircraft ever)
  • advanced auto-pilot systems
  • advanced aerodynamics
  • dual pilot cockpit (later versions)
  • CoG control
  • wingtip fences (aerodynamic improvement)

Overall this made the A300 a suitable replacement for current widebodied aircraft like the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar and Douglas DC-10.

Airbus A300 Versions

Airbus A300B1 A total of two were built and included the first prototype. The second airframe was sold to Air Algérie who scrapped the aircraft a few years later. The aircraft could accomodate 259 passengers and had a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of 132.000 kg. The aircraft was powered by two General Electric CF6-50A engines, each producing 220 kN of thrust.
Airbus A300B2

The Airbus A300B2 was the first production version of the A300. It was powered by either two CF6 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. The A300B2 first entered service with Air France in May 1974.

  • Airbus A300B2-100: MTOW 137.000 kg
  • Airbus A300B2-200: MTOW 142.000 kg with Kruger flaps
  • Airbus A300B2-300: Iincreased MZFW and MLAW.
Airbus A300B4 The Airbus A300B4 is the major production version of the A300. It featured a center fuel tank, increasing fuel capacity to 48.000 kg.
  • A300B4-100: MTOW 157.500 kg
  • A300B4-200: MTOW 165.000 kg
  • A300B4-200FF: Features a "Forward-Facing" (FF) crewcompartment and is the first two-crew widebody aircraft. It includes A310 and A300-600 avionic technology. First delivered to Garuda in 1982.
  • A300B4-600: Known as the A300-600
  • A300C4: "Convertible freighter" featuring a large cargo to on the port side of the aircraft.
  • A300F4-203: Freighter version of the A300B4-200. First delivered in 1986.
Airbus A300-600

The A300-600 is officially designated as the the A300B4-600. Although the aircraft has the same length as the B2 and B4 it has increased cargo volume as it uses the A310 tail and rear fuselage. It features more powerful CF6-80 engines and entered service with Saudi Arabian Airlines in 1983.

  • A300-600: Baseline model
  • A300-620C: Convertible freighter version
  • A300-600F: Freighter version of the -600
  • A300-600R: Features increased range compared to the baseline -600.
  • A300-600RF: Freighter version of the -600R
  • A300-600ST: Commonly referred to as the "Airbus Super Transporter" or "Beluga" due to its characteristic bulge. A total of five have been produced all used to transport parts between manufacturing facilities and the final assembly facility.
Airbus A300B10 Known as the Airbus A310. Features a shorter fuselage compared to the baseline A300 together with a higher aspect ratio wing and smaller tail. Check out the specifications of this type.

Air Scandic Airbus A300 performing a charter flight
The Airbus A300-600ST delivering heavy cargo
A Kuwait Airways Airbus A300 climbing out
A Flyair Airbus A300 day-stopping at the cargo ramp
A UPS Airbus A300 coming in at Seatlle