Airbus A340-200 General
Aircraft
Airbus A340-200
Type
Long Range Airliner
Crew
2
Unit Cost
US$ 87 million
Main Operator (A340 General)
Lufthansa
Status
Active


Airbus A340 Program Milestones
Launch
1990's
First Flight
1995 (Date unknown)
First Delivery
April, 1996
Launch Customer
Swissair


Airbus A340-200 Aircraft Dimensions
Cross Section
18 feet 6 inch (5,64 m)
Wing Span
197 feet 10 inch (60,30 m)
Length
194 feet 11 inch (59,42 m)
Height
55 feet 3 inch (16,83 m)

Airbus A340-200 Weights
Maximum Taxi Weight
275.900 kg
Max Take-off Weight
275.000 kg
Max Landing Weight
185.000 kg
Max Zero Fuel Weight
173.000 kg
Operating Empty Weight
129.000 kg
Max Structural Payload
30.800 kg
Usable Fuel
155.040 litres

Airbus A340-200 Seating
2 Class Configuration
303 Passengers
3 Class Configuration
261 Passengers

Airbus A340-200 Cockpit Lay-out
Operating Crew
2
Max Occupants
4

Airbus A340-200 Powerplants

CFM56-5C
31.200 lb
CFM56-5C3
32.550 lb

Airbus A340-200 Range
8.000 nautical miles (14.800 km)


Airbus A340-200 Orders & Deliveries (till May 2007)
Total Orders
252
Total Deliveries
241
Total in Operation
238



Airbus A340-200 Information

The Airbus A340-200 is the shortest version of the A340 family and was in fact the only aircraft from this particular family that had a wingspan greater than its overall length. It was designed in order to fly long distances on thin routes and particularly over water. The aircraft is powered by four CFM56-5C engines, each delivering over 31.000 pounds of thrust. With a four engine configuration the aircraft was able to operate more efficiently than twin engined aircraft (take-off performance) and would lack the need of ETOPS operations. Just like the Airbus A330 and other A340 versions, the aircraft shares the same cockpit as the A320 family including fly-by-wire technology and side-sticks.

The A340-200 has the capability of carrying 261 passengers in a typical seating configuration over distances of up to 8.000 nautical miles. Key users of the A340-200 are South African Airways, Austrian Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Egyptair and Air Bourbon. As the aircraft is not longer produced only a few airlines still operate the aircraft. Although it isn't used much for commercial operations, it is still in operation with the French Air Force and some private owners.

Due to improvements on the Airbus A340-300 and low seating capacity the aircraft never was a big succes. Eventually the A340-200 was re-designed and Airbus decided to use the fuselage together with the wings and engines of the Airbus A330. The twin-engined aircraft immediatly formed a direct competitor to the Boeing 767-300(ER) in which it had great succes. This article is based on the A340-200 that has a so called Performance Improvement Package (PIP) installed. This version was designated the A340-213X and had an increased range compared to the standard -200 series.


Austrian Airlines Airbus A340-200
Airbus A340-200
France Air Force Airbus A340-200
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Click for a large image...

Airbus A340-200 Design
The design characteristics of the Airbus A340 family (comprising of the Airbus A330-200 and -300) are similar to the Airbus A330 family. Apart from two additional engines on the A340, the systems and avionics are pretty much the same.

Flight Controls

The Airbus A340 is equipped with an electronic flight control system (EFCS). Roll control is accomplished by two individual outboard ailerons and five outboard spoiler panels on each wing. Pitch axis control is accomplished by a trimmable tailplane and seperate left and right elevators. The tailplane can also be mechanically controlled from the flight deck although fly-by-wire computer inputs are superimposed. The rudder is controlled by dual rudder pedals, with dual yaw damping inputs superimposed. High lift devices consist of full-span slats, flaps and aileron droop; speed braking and lift dumping is achieved by raising all six spoilers on each wing and together with all ailerons.

In case you are interested in the operation of this system please visit the following articles.

Structure

Wings on both the A330 and A340 are almost identical except for those installed on the latter which are strengthened in the area of the outboard engine pylon together with appropriate modification of leading-edge slats 4 and 5. A common fuselage is shared by all initial versions, except in overall length. Construction is generally similar to that of the Airbus A310 and A300-600 except for the centre-section.

Accomodation

The aircraft is flown by a crew of two on the flight deck. Passenger seating is configured typically in a six-abreast in first class, six-abreast in business class and eight-abreast in economy class, all with twin aisles. The Airbus A340 is certified to carry a total 375 passengers in a fuselage configured with three pairs of Type A and one pair of Type 1 emergency exits, or 379 passengers with four pairs of Type A exists.

Systems

Hamilton Sundstrand GTCP 331-350C APU.

Avionics

The avionics suite consists of the Airbus Future Air Navigation System (FANS-A), comprising Smith's Industries digital control and display system linked to the Honeywell Flight Management System (FMS) and can be retrofitted to all A330's and A340's.

Engines

The A340 is powered by four turbofan engines. There is a variety of engines that can be installed underneath the aircraft. The initial application was the General Electric GE CF6-80E1A2 (64,530 lbf), with the CF6-80E1A4 (64,600 lbf) available on the longer-range version. Alternative engines comprise the GE CF6-80E1A3 (68,530 lbf), the PW4168/A (68,600 lbf), the R-R Trent 772-60/772B-60A (71,100 lbf), the PW4164 (64,500 lbf) and the Trent 768-60 (67,500 lbf).


Airbus A340 Versions
To be added




Airbus A340-200 Performance

Design Speeds
Vmo
330 kts CAS
 
Mmo
Mach 0.86
Vd
365 kts CAS
 
Md
Mach 0.93
Vb
270 kts CAS
 
Mb
Mach 0.78
Vlo, le
250 kts CAS
     

Airbus A340-200 Payload - Range

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