Antonov An-22 "Antei" General
Antonov An-22 "Antei"
Heavy Transport aircraft
NATO Reporting Name

Antonov An-22 Program Milestones
First Flight An-22
February 27, 1965
Production Period
1965 - 1974
In service with
Soviet Air Force

Antonov An-22 Aircraft Dimensions
Wing Span
211 feet 4 inch (64,50 m)
190 feet 0 inch (57,90 m)
41 feet 1 inch (12,53 m)
Wing Area
3.713 square feet

Antonov An-22 Weights
Empty Weight
251.327 lb (114.000 kg)
Maximum Take-off Weight
551.156 lb (250.000 kg)
Antonov An-22 Performance
Normal Cruise Speed
398 mph (640 km/h)
Maximum Cruise Speed
460 mph (740 km/h)
Range - Typical Payload
6.804 nautical miles
Range - Maximum Payload
3.107 nautical miles

Crew & Passengers
The flight crew of the Antonov An-22 typically consists of 6 crew members; two pilots, one navigator, one radio operator and one flight engineer. The cabin behind the flight deck can hold up to a maximum of 29 passengers.

Antonov An-22 Powerplants
Four Kuznetsov NK 12MA drive eight contra-rotating propellers producing 15.000 shp (11.186 kW). Together they make the An-22 the most powerful propeller driven aircraft ever made.

The An-22 has no armament of any kind.

Prices all variants - ($ in Millions)
Model out of production - no prices current

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Antonov An-22
In 1962 the Antonov Design bureau was given the assignment to design and construct an aircraft that was capable of flying heavy loads over long ranges and be able to operate to and from unprepared airfields. The Soviet Union has always faced the problem of transporting freight across its territory as it mostly involved long distances and operation into airfields that were unsuitable for aircraft operational at that time. The answer to this demand came on February 27 1965 as the first Antonov An-22 Antei prototype conducted its maiden flight. Four months after its first flight, the aircraft was presented to the public at the Paris Air Salon.

At the time the An-22 was presented, it was the largest aircraft in the world and still is the largest turboprop aircraft ever build. Rapidly after its presentation in Paris it was suggested that in addition to being solely available as bulk cargo carrier it could be made available as passenger aircraft with an upper and lower deck cabin so a 700+ seating capability could be achieved. Two years later at the Air Salon of 1967 it was announced that such proposals had been abandoned.

A KLM Fokker F-50 commences taxi at AMS
A nice close-up on the Fokker F-50's characteristic nose
A KLM Fokker F-50 on final approach
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Antonov An-22 Design

The An-22 features an all metal fuselage with a high wing monoplane configuration. The wings are configured with double-slotted trailing edge flaps and both carry two contra-rotating Kuznetsov NK 12MA turboprops. The large capacity fuselage incorporates a large loading platform at the rear that can be used for direct loading or unloading of vehicles. A remarkable visible aspect are the twin fins that extend above and below the horizontal stabilizer, both equipped with an upper and lower rudder. In order to guarentee safe off runway operations, the An-22 has a retractable tricycle landing gear carrying six wheels on each main gear and two wheels on the nose gear assembly. Tyre pressure can be monitored and manually adjusted either in flight or on the ground to provide optimum performance for given airfield circumstances. The crew normally consists of 5 or 6 members with many aircraft having accomodation for up to 29 passengers in a small cabin behind the flightdeck.

During the first years of operation, several An-22 aircraft broke numerous of payload to height and speed to payload records. Although the aircraft was mostly used by the Soviet and Russian air force, one airframe still operates on commercial behalf.