The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner capable of carrying between 180 and 250 passengers in a typical three class configuration. Depending on the variant, the 767 has a range of 5,200 to 6,590 nautical miles. The first aircraft in the series, the Boeing 767-200, entered service in 1982 with launch customer United Airlines.
The Boeing 767 was produced in tandem with the smaller size Boeing 757, its narrow-body sister. As the Boeing 707 was aging, Boeing saw the need for a mid-size airliner that could fit capacity-wise between the Boeing 737/757 and the 747. After its completion, the 767 was the first wide-body aircraft ever that was operated by a two-men crew. Furthermore, the 767 was designed using engines used on the 747 with wings sized to match. The wings were significantly larger compared to customer needs and provided them with longer range and better overall take-off and landing performance.
Seating within the aircraft can be arranged in a typical economy configuration with a 2-3-2 arrangement or in a common business config with a 2-2-2 arrangement. Although uncommon, the aircraft can be fitted with a 2-4-2 configuration.
As the 767 was designed alongside the 757 it has some major similarities of which the flight deck is most obvious one. Both flight decks are very similar and as a result pilots rated on the 757 are also qualified to on the 767 after a short conversion course.
All (newer) 767 versions feature a 777-style cabin interior, known as the "Boeing Signature Interior". Besides this, the Boeing 767-400ER features larger windows found on the 777. Before the 777 was actually designed, Boeing thought of a partial double deck aircraft with parts of a 757 fuselage built over the aft fuselage of the baseline 767 model. However, these concepts were not accepted and Boeing shifted to an all new airliner that would become the Boeing 777-200.
After its introduction in the early 1980s, the Boeing 767 became a commercial success with selling peaks between the late 1980s and late 1990s. Sales began to decline after 1997 mainly due to economic recession of the early 2000s and increased competition from Airbus and its direct replacement program, the Boeing 787.
The Boeing 767-200 was the first model of the 767 series and was launched in 1978. It entered service with its first customer United Airlines in 1982 and is mainly used for continental routes such as Boston to San Francisco. The aircraft can carry 181 to 224 passengers in a typical airline configuration while flying them up to 5,200 nautical miles. The Boeing 767-200ER, which is the extended range version of the 767-200 baseline model, was first delivered to El Al in 1984. It broke several flying distance records for twinjet airliners and became the first 767 to complete a nonstop transatlantic journey.