The Fokker 100 was introduced in the late 1980s and soon became a best seller in the 100-seat short-range class market. In the late 1990's the medium size twin-turbofan airliner got serious competition from improved models of the Airbus A319 and Boeing 737 which affected sales significantly. Eventually production ended in 1997 after 283 airframes were delivered.
In 1983 a replacement for the already popular F28 Fellowship was announced as the Fokker 100. The greatest difference between these two aircraft was the much longer fuselage, which increased seating capacity by approximately 65% from 65 in the original F28 to 107 in a typical seating configuration. Besides this, the F100 also introduced a redesigned wing which increased efficiency by 30%. Modern Rolls Royce Tay turbofan engines were installed , while the cockpit was fitted with an all-glass instrumentation package. Similar to the DC-9, the Fokker 100 features twin fuselage-mounted engines and a T-tail as well as small eyebrow windows above the main cockpit windows.
Fokker built two prototypes (PH-MKH and PH-MKC) of which the first flew on November 30, 1986, while the second took-off for the first time on February 25, 1987. Type certification was granted in November 1987. Swissair was the first customer for the F-100 and started to take delivery of their TAY620-15 powered aircraft in February 1988. Other major customers for the type included US Air (40 aircraft), TAM Linhas Aéreas (50 aircraft) and American Airlines (75 aircraft), all of which were powered by more powerful TAY 650-15 engines.
|As Fokker had produced more than 70 units by 1991 the company started thinking of longer range version of the F-100. In 1993 Fokker announced a design featuring additional fuel tanks in the wings called the extended range version, with a quick-change passenger/freighter version, the 100QC, following in 1994. A shorter version of the F-100 was introduced in 1993 as a direct replacement for the older generation F-28 and was known as the Fokker 70. It was 4.70 m shorter and could carry up to 80 passengers. Later studies on an even larger version of the F100, the F130, and a freighter version, the Fokker 100QC did reach any further developement stages.
Mismanagement within the company eventually led to massive losses and Daimler Benz, their parent company, shut them down in the late 1990s. Although there were some rumours the manufacturing company was taken over by Bombardier, plans fell through.
Although Fokker officially ceased operations in 1997, many attempts have been made to restart the production line again. Under the name of Rekkof (Fokker spelt backwards), negotiations between the company and potential customers took place. Despite these plans and even a proposal for an upgraded aircraft with superb fuel effiency and performance, Rekkof is still yet to re-open production of either type. Besides, KLM decided to replace its Fokker fleet by new Embraer aircraft which indicates that a possible re-start of "Fokker" will not be the case in the short term.
The aim that Rekkof has is to resume production of both the Fokker 70 and Fokker 100. As said, discussions with a number of airlines have resulted in significant changes to the original concept. Compared to the basic aircraft now being operated, the Fokker 70/100 NG will be significantly updated with changes in the design in order to reduce operating costs and production redesign to reduce the manufacturing costs.